For the past century, National Geographic magazine has been responsible for mapping the world’s oceans in four designations: the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic Ocean.
These four designations were one of the first geographical lessons we learnt in school, but now, for the first time, the magazine has isolated a new section of the ocean and bestowed its own name upon it.
So, other oceans, say hi to your new baby brother: the Southern Ocean. It might be a tighter fit and you’ll have to share your toys, but it’s ultimately for the best.
So why is the ocean being divided further? It’s simple: The water in that particular area is distinct enough that it has warranted its own ecological classification.
The newly named Southern Ocean is enclosed by an incredibly fast moving current, separating its waters from those of northern counterparts. Known as the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, the flow of the current is rapid and moves from west to east around Antarctica. Within its border, the waters are less salty and considerably colder, helping keep Antarctica at its temperature while transporting warmer waters away.
Seth Sykora-Bodie, a marine scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, told National Geographic, “Anyone who has been there will struggle to explain what’s so mesmerizing about it, but they’ll all agree that the glaciers are bluer, the air colder, the mountains more intimidating, and the landscapes more captivating than anywhere else you can go.”
Apart from giving school children something else to remember, the new Southern ocean’s designation is important for the fight against climate change — knowing more about its waters and the effect that climate change has on Antarctica and its surrounds is vital.
So next time you’re at a trivia night and they ask you to name all the oceans, remember: five, not four.